The hip is commonly described as a “ball-and-socket” type joint. In a healthy hip, the ball at the top end of the thighbone, or femur, should fit firmly into the socket, which is part of the large pelvis bone. In babies and children with developmental dysplasia, or dislocation, of the hip, abbreviated as DDH, the hip joint may not have formed normally. As a result, the ball of the femur might easily dislocate and become loose from the socket.
Although DDH is often present from birth, it could also develop during a child’s first year of life. Recent research studies have demonstrated that infants whose thighs are swaddled closely with the hips and knees straight are at a higher risk for developing DDH. Because swaddling has become increasingly popular, it is essential for parents to understand how to swaddle their babies safely, and they should realize that when done improperly, swaddling may cause health issues such as DDH.
Diagnosis for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
In addition to visual cues, when diagnosing for DDH, the healthcare professional will perform a careful evaluation, such as listening and feeling for “clunks” which indicates that the hip is placed in different positions. The doctor will also utilize other methods and techniques to determine if the hip is dislocated. Newborns recognized to be at higher risk for DDH are often tested using ultrasound. For babies and children, x-rays of the hip might be taken to provide further detailed images of the hip joint.
Treatment for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
If DDH is discovered at birth, it can usually be treated with the use of a harness or brace. If the hip isn’t dislocated at birth, the condition might not be diagnosed until the child starts walking. At that point, treatment for DDH is much more complex, with less predictable results. If diagnosed and treated accordingly, children ought to have no restriction in function and develop the standard hip joint. DDH may result in atherosclerosis and other problems. It may produce a difference in agility or leg length.
In spite of proper treatment, hip deformity and osteoarthritis may develop later in life. This is particularly true when treatment starts after the age of 2 years. Therefore, diagnosis and treatment are essential in newborns and children with DDH. The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic as well as to spinal injuries and conditions. To discuss the subject matter, please feel free to ask Dr. Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900 .
Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez
Additional Topics: Acute Back Pain
Back pain is one of the most prevalent causes of disability and missed days at work worldwide. Back pain attributes to the second most common reason for doctor office visits, outnumbered only by upper-respiratory infections. Approximately 80 percent of the population will experience back pain at least once throughout their life. The spine is a complex structure made up of bones, joints, ligaments, and muscles, among other soft tissues. Because of this, injuries and/or aggravated conditions, such as herniated discs, can eventually lead to symptoms of back pain. Sports injuries or automobile accident injuries are often the most frequent cause of back pain, however, sometimes the simplest of movements can have painful results. Fortunately, alternative treatment options, such as chiropractic care, can help ease back pain through the use of spinal adjustments and manual manipulations, ultimately improving pain relief.